Sencelles: steps through its civil architecture

DURATION

0

min.

DIFFICULTY

Easy

DISTANCE

1,30 km

EQUIPMENT

Comfortable shoes and clothing

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Sencelles: steps through its civil architecture

The history of Sencelles can be read on the facades of the houses. The facades are the mirror of an extensive chronology based on generations and generations of inhabitants of the town of Sencelles. As you stroll through the streets, you will discover the history of the architecture, and as you look at the buildings, you will come into contact with the history of their builders and architects. This is a walk where you can admire some of the most emblematic and important stately houses of a town with history and a community rooted in the heart of Mallorca.

This route begins at the town’s square in the centre of Sencelles, where the parish church, the rectory and the town hall are located. From here, continue to Calle d’Antoni Maura, where you will find one of the most important and representative buildings of the town’s civic architecture at number 5.

 

1

Can Garau

The current culture house of Sencelles occupies one of the most representative and emblematic properties of the village. Since the beginning of the seventies it has been owned by the municipality. It had previously served as a council house, which is why it is popularly known as the old town hall. It originally belonged to the Garau family from Cascanar, from whom it takes its name. The house has three floors with a completely regular distribution of openings. The interior is divided into two bays and has a wooden beamed ceiling. An inner courtyard opens up at the back. The house is used as a space for conferences, exhibitions, cultural events, etc.

 

After the visit, both from the outside and the inside, we continue the route along the same road. It is worth paying attention and patience to the façades that line the street, especially those on the left, as some of them preserve very curious folk art and religious details. You should bear in mind that traditional Mallorcan architecture is characterised by simplicity and sobriety in its decoration, which makes sgraffito or carved details such as crosses, dates, names, etc. particularly interesting.

2

Sgraffiti on carrer Antoni Maura

Along Carrer Antoni Maura, towards the roads in the direction of Inca and Costitx, there is a whole series of houses of great historical and symbolic interest. From the point of view of historical anecdotes, we can mention three houses with reliefs or sgraffiti of interest: At number 43 on the lintel with canopy of the first floor we can see the anagram of Christ and the inscription “Dia 20 April of 1795”, with two Maltese crosses. At number 59 there is a plaque with the anagram of Christ and the three keys on the lintel of the doorway. Also at the end of the street, on the window of the first floor of can Maví, is the inscription “Els 16 mars 1733”.

  When we reach the end of the road, we go back and turn south-east along Carrer Jaume Sard. Before we reach the first crossroads, we will see a magnificent manor house on the left, whose historic property gives the street its name: It is the posada of the Son Jordà estate, which was owned by Jaume Sard in the 18th century. Remember that the term “posada” in Mallorca refers to the urban house of a local landowner.

3

Posada de Son Jordà

The Posada de Son Jordà está localizada en la Calle Jaume Sard (no. 5), the name of the owner of this house and also the possessió of Son Jordà (Ruberts). This family lineage, originally from Palma and dedicated to trade, acquired the property in 1719 and their manor house in the town is a building that preserves the essence of the 18th century, with a lintelled doorway and two windows on the first floor with moulded sills as highlights. Until many years ago, the house still had a set of painted roof tiles.

  We continue the route along the same street until we reach Carrer des Rafal, one of the main streets of Sencelles, where there are also numerous houses that are important for the heritage and history of the town. One of the most representative is the Posada de Can Romanyà.

 

4

Posada de can Romanyà

The Posada Can Romanyà (c/ Rafal, 16) is one of the most original buildings in the town, and also the best preserved. As its name suggests, this house was once the urban residence of the owners of the Can Romanyà estate in Cascanar, whose main lineage was the Ramis family, popularly known as from Can Romanyà. It seems that the origin of the Ramis Romanyà lands in Cascanar lies in one of the plots, into which the old Jewish farmhouse was divided, the part that belonged to Miquel Ramis, with a capacity of 70 quarterades (Mallorcan measurements 70,000 square metres). The building, which we can see from the public road, is reminiscent of the neoclassical aesthetics of the time. It has a three-storey structure with a rhythm of symmetrical openings – three per body – separated by mullions and a stone cornice with mouldings. In the centre of the ground floor is the entrance portal with a narrow arch flanked by two large windows. The first floor is dominated by a balcony, which is bordered by an iron railing and accompanied by two further openings. To emphasise the floor plan, the openings are concealed by a stone dust cover, which emphasises the building’s prominent position in the overall style of the façade. Finally, three further openings lead onto the veranda, which has a landscaped structure.

  After visiting this posada, we continue the route in the same direction. Soon you will find the beginning of Carrer Ramon Llull on the right, where you continue. At the next crossroads (Carrer des Gall), continue straight on until you reach the old schools of Can Bril. It is worth walking around the whole building and, if it is open, visiting the courtyard too.

5

The old school of Can Bril

The Can Bril school building, located on the site known as Can Bril, was designed in 1933 by the prestigious Mallorcan architect Guillem Forteza Piña. A year later, it was inaugurated by the Civil Governor and the President of the Provincial Council. At the time, it had four classrooms, a library and a lobby. The building corresponds to the school architecture of the time and was designed by the same author: it has a rectangular floor plan with a central courtyard surrounded by a cloister-style porch. A cistern neck with a round section rises in the centre.

 We continue along Carrer Ramon Llull until we find Carrer de Llorenç Cartutxo on the right, which we turn into. This road leads to Carrer de Sor Francinaina Cirer, another of the town’s main arteries, which coincides with the Ma-3120 road. Here we turn right to return to the centre. As it could not be otherwise, there are numerous houses worth seeing in this street. The first is the old Can Raió posada.

6

The old posada de can Raió

The old Posada of Can Raió (C/ Sor Francinaina Cirer, 48) is linked to the Mayol family: At the end of the 19th century, it belonged to Martí Mayol. From this lineage, it passed on to the Sunyers and then to the Rubís. Finally, the doctor Nadal Campaner carried out the reform. On the balcony we can see the coat of arms of this lineage, which has been linked to the town of Sencelles since the 14th century.

 A few metres further on is a second emblematic house, which curiously retains the term “son” in its name, which is more typical of the large estates.

7

Son Mansena

Son Mansena (C/ Sor Francinaina Cirer, 46) is one of the most authentic properties in the town of Sencelles, as it has managed to preserve the essence of the 18th century. The exterior doorway, made of living stone blocks, outlines a semicircular arch encased in a beautiful mullion on which the first floor window rests. The date 1726 is inscribed on the exterior doorway, when it belonged to Antoni Capó, married to Catalina Aina Amengual, grandmother of the blessed Francinaina Cirer.

 We continue along the same street to finally visit the last building worth seeing on this route: Can Ramis and Son Morei, a complex that we find in a small square where the entrance to the old winery is located.

8

Can Ramis i Son Morei

According to tradition, the buildings in Plaça Morei were originally the farmstead of Sencelles. The Morei family has been documented here since the Middle Ages and owned it until 1733, when it passed to the Nets. As for Can Ramis, in the mid-19th century it belonged to the Molinas family, one of the most important families. Today, this part is used as a winery. From an architectural point of view, it stands out with its large dimensions, which in turn is connected to a vestibule and a cloister. 

We return to the town square via the same Carrer Francinaina Cirer.